Erratum: Atorvastatin Reduces Plaque Vulnerability in an Atherosclerotic Rabbit Model by Altering the 5-Lipoxygenase Pathway

<i>Objective:</i> The 5-lipoxygenase catalyzed formation of leukotriene lipid mediators is a mediator for inflammatory response in arteries. The present study investigated the relationship between atorvastatin and the 5-lipoxygenase pathway in an atherosclerotic rabbit model. <i>Methods:</i> Thirty male New Zealand White Rabbits were randomized into negative control, positive control and atorvastatin groups. At week 4, the rabbits were subjected to carotid balloon-dilation injury or carotid balloon-dilation injury, followed by treatment with atorvastatin. At week 12, all the animals were sacrificed. Plasma lipids, LTD<sub>4</sub>, and 15-epi-lipoxin A<sub>4</sub> were measured using the enzymatic endpoint method and ELISA, respectively. RT-PCR was performed to detect the gene expression of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein and cysLT1R in rabbit carotid arteries. Finally, histological analysis was used to evaluate the pathophysiological changes of rabbit carotid arteries. <i>Results:</i> The results showed atorvastatin markedly lowered serum lipids and LTD<sub>4</sub> levels compared with the control group. Similarly, mRNA expression of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein and cysLT1R was significantly inhibited by atorvastatin. Decreased carotid plaque instability was evident in atorvastatin-treated animals, as demonstrated by a thickened elastic layer, less neointima hyperplasia and macrophage proliferation. <i>Conclusions:</i> Atorvastatin may stabilize carotid plaque by regulating the 5-lipoxygenase pathway in atherosclerotic rabbits and delay the progression of atherosclerosis by exerting anti-inflammatory effects.