Erratum: Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate-Mediated Enhancement of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Released by Differentiated Human Monocytic Cells: The Role of Protein Kinase A
2017-07-25T13:57:27Z (GMT) by
<b><i>Objective:</i></b> Our investigation was designed to examine the signaling pathway involved in the enhancement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release by β-adrenoceptor agonists. <b><i>Materials and Methods:</i></b> Human U937 cells differentiated into macrophages were primed with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the absence or presence of β-adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists. The VEGF released and the intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) generated were assayed by ELISA. Where necessary, differences between mean values were tested for significance using Student's t test. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Isoprenaline, procaterol and salbutamol concentration-dependently enhanced the release of VEGF induced by LPS in U937 cells. R*,R*-(±)-4-[2-[(2-(3-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl)amino]propyl]phenoxyacetic acid (BRL 37344), a selective β<sub>3</sub>-adrenoceptor agonist, did not enhance VEGF release. Using isoprenaline as an agonist, propranolol, ICI 118551 and atenolol produced a parallel rightward shift of the concentration-response curve with no reduction in the maximum response. The -logK<sub>B</sub> values were 8.12 ± 0.17, 8.03 ± 0.05 and 7.23 ± 0.05 for propranolol, ICI 118551 and atenolol, respectively, indicating the possible involvement of both β<sub>1</sub>- and β<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptor subtypes. Isoprenaline and prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> concentration-dependently increased cAMP generation in U937 cells. Isoprenaline, db-cAMP and 6-Bnz-cAMP, a protein kinase A (PKA) activator, all enhanced VEGF release induced by LPS, and this effect was abolished by KT 5720 and Rp-cAMPS, which are both selective PKA inhibitors, suggesting that PKA is the downstream effector of cAMP activity. 8-CPT-cAMP, a selective activator of the Epac system, had no effect on VEGF release induced by LPS, indicating that the Epac pathway played no role in the release process. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> In this study, we established that β<sub>1</sub>- and β<sub>2</sub>- but not β<sub>3</sub>-adrenoceptors mediated cAMP-dependent enhancement of VEGF release induced by LPS in differentiated U937 cells, and that PKA was the downstream effector of cAMP activity.