Supplementary Material for: A Prospective Observational Study Evaluating the Correlation of c-MET Expression and EGFR Gene Mutation with Response to Erlotinib as Second-Line Treatment for Patients with Advanced/Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
2018-03-02T10:58:02Z (GMT) by
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and predictive role of c-MET expression and EGFR mutation in the efficacy of erlotinib in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We prospectively recruited 196 patients with stage IV or recurrent NSCLC treated with erlotinib after failure of first-line chemotherapy. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate c-MET overexpression, silver in situ hybridization (SISH) to assess gene copy number, and real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect EGFR mutations, respectively, in tumor tissue. Results: The major histologic type was adenocarcinoma (66.8%). c-MET was overexpressed in 55.8% (87/156) and dominant in females as well as non-squamous histology. Although c-MET gene amplification and high polysomy were observed in 2.0% (3/152) and 11.2% (17/152), they did not correlate with any characteristics. EGFR mutation was detected in 13.1% (20/153). The objective response rate of erlotinib was higher (61.1 vs. 3.7%, p < 0.001) and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was longer (10.2 vs. 1.9 months, p < 0.001) in EGFR-sensitizing mutations. However, c-MET positivity did not show a significant correlation with response to erlotinib or PFS. Conclusion: We reconfirmed EGFR mutation as a strong predictive marker of NSCLC. However, c-MET positivity was not associated with response or PFS, although c-MET overexpression correlated with some clinical characteristics.