Supplementary Material for: A Randomized Comparative Study of Oral Corticosteroid Minipulse and Low-Dose Oral Methotrexate in the Treatment of Unstable Vitiligo
2015-08-08T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Background: Despite continued progress towards elucidation of the biochemical, genetic and immunopathological pathways in vitiligo, a definitive cure remains elusive. The initial therapy must be directed to arrest disease progression. Oral minipulse therapy (OMP) with betamethasone/dexamethasone has been tried and shown to be an effective modality to arrest the disease progression in vitiligo. Objectives: Methotrexate (MTX) is a time-tested effective treatment extensively used in various autoimmune disorders with good efficacy, safety and tolerability on a long-term basis. We intended to compare the efficacy of MTX with that of OMP in patients with unstable vitiligo vulgaris. Patients and Methods: In a prospective randomized open label study, 52 patients with vitiligo were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 received 10 mg methotrexate weekly. Group 2 patients received corticosteroid OMP which comprised tablets of dexamethasone 2.5 mg (5 tablets), taken on 2 consecutive days in a week (total weekly dose of 5 mg dexamethasone). Results: In the MTX group, among 25 patients analyzed, during the course of treatment for 24 weeks, overall 6 patients developed new vitiliginous lesions. In the OMP group, 7/25 patients developed new lesions. Statistical correlation between the two groups showed no significance in the number of patients who developed new lesions (increasing disease activity) in either of the groups. At the end of the study, it was demonstrated that patients in both groups had a similar reduction in the vitiligo disease activity score. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that both drugs are equally effective in controlling the disease activity of vitiligo. MTX can be used in patients with active vitiligo, wherever corticosteroids are contraindicated.