Supplementary Material for: A Rare Cause of Juvenile Stroke: Extracranial Carotid Artery Aneurysm with Venous Complete Reconstruction of the Carotid Bifurcation

Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECAA) are a rare cause of embolic stroke. The underlying etiology is variable, with atherosclerosis being the most common entity in older subjects. Several treatments have been developed over the last 20 years, but the preferred method remains unknown. Notwithstanding the widespread use of endovascular techniques, surgical reconstruction by means of a bifurcated venous bypass graft should be applied in younger patients. In this way, it is possible to avoid major concerns about the development of long-term intrastent restenosis, and also to spare the external carotid artery which represents the main branch for the ipsilateral cerebral and facial perfusion. We propose ECAA resection and interposition of the inverted great saphenous vein to both the internal and external carotid artery by means the use of a tributary, i.e., the Giacomini vein.