Supplementary Material for: Adult Atopic Dermatitis in Hospitalized Patients: Comparison between Those with Childhood-Onset and Late-Onset Disease
2019-06-21T09:10:18Z (GMT) by
Atopic eczema is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. It is a common dermatological disorder that affects 17.8 million individuals in the USA, up to 20% of children and up to 3% of adults. Recent data show that the incidence of the disease is still rising, both in children and adults, especially in low-income countries. Atopic dermatitis in adults consists of childhood-onset (COAD) and adult or late-onset types (LOAD). Prior research has described differences in clinical features, laboratory data, and response to treatment between COAD and LOAD. Most studies have been done on an ambulatory population that mostly contains patients with mild to moderate disease. Objective: The aim of the study was to describe the differences between adults hospitalized with COAD and LOAD. Methods: Data were analyzed from a retrospective cohort of 107 adult AD patients who were hospitalized from 2009 to 2017. Analysis of data included epidemiology, clinical and laboratory characteristics, and response to treatment. Results: Of the total sample, 87 (81%) patients were diagnosed with LOAD, and 20 (19%) patients were diagnosed with COAD. The median age was 66 years for all patients, 42 years for COAD patients, and 77 years for LOAD patients. The prevalence of atopy was lower in the LOAD group than in the COAD group (33.8 vs. 68.8% for family history, 35.5 vs. 84.8% for personal history). A higher incidence of head, neck, and flexural involvement was found in COAD patients. LOAD patients had lower immunoglobulin E levels and responded better to phototherapy. Conclusions: Elderly patients with LOAD constitute the majority of adults hospitalized with AD. As in ambulatory AD patients, there are significant differences in medical background, clinical picture, laboratory characteristics, and response to treatment between hospitalized LOAD and COAD patients. There is a need to determine diagnostic criteria and treatment guidelines for these patients.