Supplementary Material for: Biochemical and Morphological Characterization of a Neurodevelopmental Disorder-Related Mono-ADP-Ribosylhydrolase, MACRO Domain Containing 2

MACRO Domain Containing 2 (MacroD2) is a neurodevelopmental disorder-related mono-ADP-ribosylhydrolase. Molecular features of this protein in neural tissues are largely unknown. In this study, we generated a specific antibody against MacroD2, and carried out expression and morphological analyses of the molecule during mouse brain development. In Western blotting, 2 MacroD2 isoforms with molecular masses of ∼70 and ∼75 kDa started to be expressed at embryonic day 16.5, reached the maximal level at postnatal day 8, and then gradually decreased through P30. In contrast, other isoforms with molecular masses of ∼110 and ∼140 kDa gradually increased during embryonic to postnatal development. In immunohistochemical analyses, MacroD2 was strongly detected in cortical neurons in layer II–V at P0 and P7, while the protein expression decreased significantly in the neurons at P30. Immunofluorescence analyses revealed that MacroD2 was mainly distributed in the soma and to a lesser extent in the axon and dendrite of immature primary cultured mouse hippocampal neurons. On the other hand, in the matured hippocampal neurons, while MacroD2 was detected in the soma, it displayed in dendrites a punctate distribution pattern with a partial colocalization with synaptic markers, synaptophysin, and PSD95. The obtained results indicate that MacroD2 is expressed and may have a physiological role in the central nervous system during brain development.