Supplementary Material for: Characterization of New Wheat-Dasypyrum breviaristatum Introgression Lines with Superior Gene(s) for Spike Length and Stripe Rust Resistance

posted on 12.10.2018 by Wang H., Yu Z., Li B., Lang T., Li G., Yang Z.

Dasypyrum breviaristatum (genome VbVb) contains potentially important traits for commercial wheat production. Chromosome 2Vb of D. breviaristatum carries several desirable agronomic characters, including long spike length as well as enhanced resistance to stripe rust, which are expressed in a common wheat background. In this study, wheat-D. breviaristatum 2Vb deletion lines were produced and identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and 74 molecular markers specific to D. breviaristatum chromosome 2Vb were physically localized in 4 distinct chromosomal regions. New wheat-D. breviaristatum 2Vb translocation lines were also characterized by FISH. The breakpoint of the translocation T3AS.3AL-2VbS was determined by physically mapped molecular markers. Field evaluation revealed that genes affecting plant height and spike length are located on fraction length (FL) 0.65-1.00 of 2VbS, while the stripe rust resistance gene(s) are located on FL 0.40-1.00 of D. breviaristatum chromosome 2VbL. The newly characterized wheat-Dasypyrum chromosomal introgressions are of potential value for the improvement of the yield and disease resistance of wheat.