Supplementary Material for: Clear Liquids versus Polyethylene Glycol Preparation for Video Capsule Endoscopy of the Small Bowel: A Randomized Controlled Trial

2018-09-13T12:47:47Z (GMT) by Bahar R. Gupta A. Mann S.K.
Background: An effective bowel cleanse can improve the imaging quality of video capsule endoscopy (VCE). We aimed to further investigate the optimal small bowel cleanse method by comparing the efficacy of 4 L of clear liquids, 2 L of polyethylene glycol (PEG), and 4 L of PEG on the image quality of VCE. Methods: A randomized controlled, non-inferiority trial was performed comparing 4 L of clear liquids (Group A), 2 L of PEG (Group B), and 4 L of PEG (Group C). The primary endpoint was image quality between the groups. The secondary endpoints included patient tolerability and side effects. Results: Eighty-one patients were analyzed in group A, 84 patients were analyzed in group B, and 80 patients were analyzed in group C. Image quality scores revealed 4 L of clear liquids to be non-inferior to 2 L of PEG, and 2 L of PEG to be non-inferior to 4 L of PEG (p < 0.0167). Group A had a lower difficulty of completion rate than Group B and Group C and a lower rate of side effects when compared to Group C (p < 0.0167). Conclusion: Four liters of clear liquids should be considered a routine method for small bowel preparation prior to VCE.