Supplementary Material for: Clinical Characteristics and Prognosis of Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer: Poor Survival of Luminal B Subtype

Background: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is rare and is generally defined as breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy or within 1 year of delivery. The average ages of marriage and childbearing are increasing, and PABC is expected to also increase. This study is intended to increase understanding of the characteristics of PABC. Methods: A database of 2,810 patients with breast cancer diagnosed when they were less than 40 years of age was reviewed. The clinicopathological factors and survival of PABC (40 patients) were compared to those of patients with young breast cancer (YBC, non-pregnant or over 12 months after delivery; 2,770 patients). Results: PABC had significantly lower estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression (ER-positive 50.0%, PR-positive 45.0%) and higher HER2 overexpression (38.5%) than YBC. The most common subtype of PABC was triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC; 35.9%), and luminal A subtype represented only 7.7% of cases. In univariate analysis, PABC had significantly worse disease-free survival (DFS) and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) compared to YBC. In multivariate analysis, PABC was associated with worse BCSS (HR 4.0, 95% CI 1.2–12.9, p = 0.019) and survival, but there was no difference in DFS between PABC and YBC. In subgroup analysis by subtype, luminal B subtype of PABC showed worse DFS (HR 3.5; 95% CI 1.1–11.2, p = 0.039) and BCSS (HR 10.2, 95% CI 1.2–87.1, p = 0.035), especially with high Ki67. However, no differences were demonstrated in other subtypes. Conclusion: In this study, PABC showed lower expression of ER/PR, higher overexpression of HER2, fewer luminal A subtype, and more TNBC subtype compared to YBC. PABC had worse BCSS, especially luminal B subtype, compared to YBC.

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