Supplementary Material for: Enhancement of Tissue Factor Expression in Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells by Pentraxin 3 and Its Modulation by C1 Esterase Inhibitor

Background: We have previously shown that human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) may participate in immune system-mediated hypercoagulable state through enhanced tissue factor (TF) expression and that the complement system may be involved in this process. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the role of pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and the complement system in enhanced TF expression in moDCs. Methods: moDCs were generated from isolated human monocytes. PTX3 levels in whole human blood supplemented with moDCs were determined after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. PTX3 release by the generated moDCs upon LPS stimulation was also assessed. The effect of PTX3 on whole blood coagulation was investigated using thromboelastometric analysis. TF expression in stationary moDCs treated with LPS and/or PTX3 was determined by measuring TF activity. The effect of complement inhibitors on TF activity in moDCs treated with LPS and/or PTX3 under low-shear conditions was evaluated. Results: PTX3 levels were higher in whole blood supplemented with moDCs than in the presence of monocytes and were further elevated by LPS stimulation. PTX3 release from generated moDCs was also increased by LPS stimulation. PTX3 reduced whole blood coagulation time in a dose-dependent manner. However, PTX3 did not increase TF expression in stationary moDCs. Under low-shear conditions, PTX3 increased TF expression in moDCs. C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-inh) suppressed this effect. Conclusions: PTX3 might have a thrombophilic activity and enhance TF expression in moDCs under low-shear conditions. Furthermore, suppression of moDC-associated hypercoagulability by C1-inh might be partly ascribed to its inhibitory effect on PTX3.