Supplementary Material for: Factors and Outcome of Renal Osteodystrophy-Associated Initial Fragility Fracture in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients

Background: Renal osteodystrophy has caused increased risk of fragility fracture in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. However, risk factors and outcome of ESRD patients with fragility fracture remain uncharacterized. We aimed to assess these parameters in ESRD patients. Summary: This retrospective case-control study analyzed 354 ESRD patients (initial fragility fracture [FF] group, n = 59; control group, n = 295). Pre-dialysis blood hemoglobin, serum albumin, lipid, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were collected. All procedures performed involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (IRB approval number 216-82), and informed consent was obtained from all participants. There were higher prevalence rates of primary hypertension and diabetes, higher serum ALP, corrected calcium, and lower serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, lipoprotein-α, and iPTH in the FF group. Fractures were more likely to occur in the higher level of corrected calcium as well as in the lower iPTH group. High corrected calcium (p = 0.010, OR = 11.308, 95% CI: 1.770–72.242) and serum ALP (p = 0.000, OR = 1.007, 95% CI: 1.004–1.011) were independent risk factors of fragility fracture. The incidence of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in ESRD patients with fragility fracture was higher than in those without fracture. Key Messages: Patients with hypertension, diabetes, excessive suppression of PTH, and poor nutritional status are more prone to fractures. Serum corrected calcium and ALP were independent risk factors of fragility fracture. Patients with initial fragility fracture had more CV events and higher mortality.