Supplementary Material for: Influence of 17-Hydroxyprogesterone, Progesterone and Sex Steroids on Mineralocorticoid Receptor Transactivation in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency leads to accumulation of steroid precursors and adrenal androgens. These steroids may have a biological effect on the steroid receptor with clinical consequences on diagnostics and treatment in CAH patients. Therefore, we analysed the effect of accumulated steroids [17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP), progesterone, androstenedione and testosterone] on aldosterone-mediated transactivation of the human mineralocorticoid receptor (hMR). Methods: A transactivation assay using transiently transfected COS7 cells was employed. Cells were co-transfected with hMR-cDNA, MMTV-luciferase and renilla-luciferase expression vectors. Transfected cells were incubated with six different steroid concentrations in addition to aldosterone (10-10M). Luciferase and renilla activities were measured to quantify hMR transactivation. Results: Linear regression analysis showed statistically significant linear inhibition of transactivation of the hMR by 10-10M aldosterone in the presence of increasing 17OHP [F(1,5) = 11.34, p = 0.019] and progesterone [F(1,5) = 11.08, p = 0.021] concentrations. In contrast, neither androstenedione nor testosterone affected hMR transactivation by aldosterone at a concentration of 10-10M. Conclusion: Our study shows for the first time that neither androstenedione nor testosterone has a biological effect on aldosterone-mediated transactivation of the hMR. 17OHP and progesterone have an anti-mineralocorticoid effect in vitro that may clinically lead to an increased requirement of mineralocorticoids in poorly controlled CAH patients.