Supplementary Material for: Long-Term Suppression of Disabling Tremor by Thalamic Stimulation in a Patient with Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2

The beneficial effect of thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) on action tremor has been reported in a few cases of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA); however, several factors should be taken into account regarding the indication for DBS in advanced cases. We performed DBS of the ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim) of the thalamus for treatment of coarse action tremor in a patient with SCA2 (spinocerebellar ataxia type 2) in the wheelchair-bound stage. Although improvement of the tremor of the proximal part was incomplete, the patient regained substantial parts of daily functioning. The effect lasted for more than 6 years, and the suppression of tremor significantly contributed to maintaining the level of the patient’s expression into the bedridden stage. Vim DBS can be a treatment option for tremor in SCA patients, even in the advanced stage, as long as the tremor is depriving the patient of behavioral expression. As residual proximal tremor may hamper functional recovery, DBS of other targets or multi-targets should be further explored to attain a better outcome.