Supplementary Material for: Low Incidence of Pelvic Sepsis after Hartmann’s Procedure: Radiation Therapy May Be a Risk Factor

Purpose: Hartmann’s procedure is a well-established alternative in colorectal surgery when a primary anastomosis is contraindicated. However, the rectal remnant may cause complications. This study was designed to investigate the occurrence of pelvic sepsis after Hartmann’s procedure and identify possible risk factors. Methods: All patients who underwent Hartmann’s procedure between 2005 and 2012 were identified by the in-hospital registry. Information about pelvic sepsis and potential preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative risk factors was obtained by review of the medical records. Results: 172 patients were identified (97 females); they were aged 74 ± 11 years. Surgery was performed due to cancer (49%) or diverticulitis (35%) and other benign disease (16%). Rectal transection was carried out anywhere between the pelvic floor and the promontory. Pelvic sepsis developed in 6.4% (11/172) of patients. Pelvic sepsis was associated with preoperative radiotherapy (p = 0.03) and Hinchey grade III and IV (p = 0.02) in those patients who underwent Hartmann’s procedure for diverticular disease. Conclusion: Hartmann’s procedure is a safe operation when an anastomosis is contraindicated since the incidence of pelvic sepsis is low. Preoperative radiotherapy and Hinchey grade III and IV may be risk factors for the development of pelvic sepsis.