Supplementary Material for: Novel Mutation and Structural RNA Analysis of the Noncoding RNase MRP Gene in Cartilage-Hair Hypoplasia

Cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH) is an autosomal recessive disorder which is characterized by bone metaphysis anomalies with manifestations that include short stature, defective cellular immunity, and predisposition to several cancers. It is caused by mutations in RMRP, which is transcribed as an RNA component of the mitochondrial RNA-processing ribonuclease. We report the clinical and molecular data of a Moroccan patient with CHH. Sequencing of RMRP identified 2 mutations in the patient: the known mutation g.97G>A and the variation g.27G>C, which has not been reported previously. Given the high mutational heterogeneity, the high frequency of variations in the region, and the fact that RMRP is a non-coding gene, assigning the pathogenicity to RMRP mutations remains a difficult task. Therefore, we compared the characteristics of the primary and secondary structures of mutated RMRP sequences. The location of our mutations within the secondary structure of the RMRP molecule revealed that the novel g.27G>C mutation causes a disruption in the Watson-Crick base pairing, which results in an impairment of a highly conserved P3 domain. Our work prompts considering the consequences of novel RMRP nucleotide variations on conserved RNA structures to gain insights into the pathogenicity of mutations.