TMH481143_sm_Suppl._Material.pdf (1.28 MB)
0/0

Supplementary Material for: Post-Operative Iron Carboxymaltose May Have an Effect on Haemoglobin Levels in Cardiothoracic Surgical Patients on the ICU - an Observational Pilot Study about Anaemia Treatment with Intravenous Iron

Download (1.28 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 30.01.2018 by Peters F., Eveslage M., Gallitz I., Wempe C., Meybohm P., Van Aken H., Steinbicker A.

Background: Post-operative anaemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Positive effects of post-operative intravenous iron (IVI) after elective orthopaedic, abdominal and genitourinary surgery have been reported. The current observational trial investigated the prevalence of post-operative anaemia, the effect of IVI on haemoglobin levels, the use of blood transfusions and diagnoses related to infections. Methods: 1,265 patients on five ICUs of Münster University Hospital were screened for post-operative anaemia. On one ICU, patients were screened for iron deficiency and, if indicated, supplemented with 500 mg of ferric carboxymaltose. Primary outcome measures were haemoglobin levels, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, transfusion requirements, documented infection and antibiotic treatment. Results: Anaemia was prevalent in 86.2% of patients upon ICU admission. 429 patients were screened for iron deficiency anaemia. 95 patients were eligible, 35 were treated with IVI. An increase of +0.4 g/dl in Hb levels 7 days after IVI compared to -0.1 g/dl in non-treated anaemic patients was observed. The number of RBC transfusions, ICD codes related to infections and infectious parameters were similar between groups. Conclusions: IVI treatment was safe and resulted in higher median Hb levels. Randomized controlled trials are required to support the hypotheses of this study.

History

Licence

Exports