Supplementary Material for: Role of TRPC1 and TRPC3 Channels in Contraction and Relaxation of Mouse Thoracic Aorta

posted on 23.10.2012 by Kochukov M.Y., Balasubramanian A., Noel R.C., Marrelli S.P.
Background/Aims: Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels modulate membrane potential and intracellular Ca2+. We examined the role of TRPC1 and TRPC3 channels in vasocontraction and relaxation in mouse aorta. Methods: Vasocontraction and relaxation of aorta from wild-type (WT), TRPC1 KO and TRPC3 knockout (KO) mice were measured for phenylephrine (Phe) and carbachol (CCh). Intracellular Ca2+ was measured in primary aorta endothelial cells (EC) and whole cell K+ current in freshly isolated smooth muscle cells (SMC). Results and Conclusion: TRPC1 KO aorta showed increased vasocontraction to Phe compared to WT and TRPC3 KO aorta due to diminished role of BKCa channels. BKCa mRNA (aorta) and whole cell current (SMC) were reduced versus WT. Contraction in WT aorta was increased to TRPC1 KO level by BKCa channel inhibition. Relaxation to CCh was reduced in TRPC1 KO and TRPC3 KO aortas with concomitant reduction in EC Ca2+ response. Pyr3 (TRPC3 blocker) reduced the Ca2+ response to CCh in EC from WT, but not TRPC3 KO mice. In summary, TRPC1 attenuates receptor-mediated contraction through activation and/or expression of SMC BKCa channels while TRPC3 does not contribute to receptor-mediated constriction. Both TRPC1 and TRPC3 participate in EC Ca2+ influx and vasorelaxation of aorta.