Supplementary Material for: The Risk of Ischemic Stroke after an Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Decreased Renal Function
2014-07-26T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Background: Data on the incidence, trends over time and predictors of ischemic stroke after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are sparse for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: Data for unselected AMI patients were obtained from the Swedish Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive Care Admissions (RIKS-HIA) between 2003 and 2010. Patients with and without CKD were compared. Multiple logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of ischemic stroke during the hospitalization for AMI, Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to analyze the 1-year postdischarge ischemic stroke trends over time and Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors. Results: Of 118,434 AMI patients, 40,679 had CKD. The CKD patients had more extensive previous cardiovascular disease and received less reperfusion and secondary preventive therapies than the patients without CKD. An inhospital ischemic stroke occurred in 2.3 and 1.2% of CKD and non-CKD patients, respectively. The incidence of ischemic stroke during hospitalization for AMI was stable during the study period. The occurrence of ischemic stroke after hospital discharge decreased between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010 from 4.1 to 2.5% in CKD patients and from 2.0 to 1.3% in non-CKD patients, respectively. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and statins were independently associated with a reduced risk of stroke after discharge from hospital. Conclusions: Ischemic stroke is a more common complication after an AMI in CKD patients than in non-CKD patients, but the risk has decreased in recent years. The increased use of PCI and statins may have contributed to this reduction.