Supplementary Material for: Whole-Transcriptome Analysis of CD133+CD144+ Cancer Stem Cells Derived from Human Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells

Background/Aims: CD133+CD44+ cancer stem cells previously isolated from laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) cell lines showed strong malignancy and tumorigenicity. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the enhanced malignancy remained unclear. Methods: Cell proliferation assay, spheroid-formation experiment, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), miRNA-seq, bioinformatic analysis, quantitative real-time PCR, migration assay, invasion assay, and luciferase reporter assay were used to identify differentially expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs, circRNAs and miRNAs, construct transcription regulatory network, and investigate functional roles and mechanism of circRNA in CD133+CD44+ laryngeal cancer stem cells. Results: Differentially expressed genes in TDP cells were mainly enriched in the biological processes of cell differentiation, regulation of autophagy, negative regulation of cell death, regulation of cell growth, response to hypoxia, telomere maintenance, cellular response to gamma radiation, and regulation of apoptotic signaling, which are closely related to the malignant features of tumor cells. We constructed the regulatory network of differentially expressed circRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs. qPCR findings for the expression of key genes in the network were consistent with the sequencing data. Moreover, our data revealed that circRNA hg19_circ_0005033 promotes proliferation, migration, invasion, and chemotherapy resistance of laryngeal cancer stem cells. Conclusions: This study provides potential biomarkers and targets for LSCC diagnosis and therapy, and provide important evidences for the heterogeneity of LSCC cells at the transcription level.