Supplementary Material for: lncRNA DLG1-AS1 Promotes Cell Proliferation by Competitively Binding with miR-107 and Up-Regulating ZHX1 Expression in Cervical Cancer

Background/Aims: Recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the occurrence and development of various tumors, thereby attracting increasing attention from researchers. The important biological functions of lncRNAs have been recognized gradually, but their mechanism in cervical cancer remains unclear. Methods: Differentially expressed lncRNAs in cervical cancer and para-carcinoma tissues were identified by screening using an lncRNA array, and candidate lncRNAs were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. A series of bioinformatics and molecular biological methods were adopted to investigate the interactions among lncRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), and miRNA target genes in cervical cancer. Cell viability was measured using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Results: DLG1-AS1 was the most significantly up-regulated lncRNA in cervical cancer tissues, and it was confirmed that cervical cancer patients with high DLG1-AS1 expression had a poor prognosis. Down-regulation of DLG1-AS1 expression suppressed the proliferation of cervical cancer cells. Further investigation revealed that DLG1-AS1 eliminated the inhibition of miR-107 on the expression of its target gene ZHX1 by competitively binding to miR-107. Moreover, rescue assays proved that the effect of DLG1-AS1 on the proliferation of cervical cancer cells was dependent on miR-107. Conclusion: DLG1-AS1/miR-107/ZHX1 can form a competitive endogenous RNA network that regulates the proliferation of cervical cancer cells, resulting in tumor progression.

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