Supplementary Material for: miR-29a Regulates the Proliferation and Migration of Human Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells in Arteriosclerosis Obliterans of the Lower Extremities

Background: The molecular mechanisms underlying the contribution of human arterial smooth muscle cells (HASMCs), one of the most important components of the arterial wall, to the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) remain elusive. Methods: The expression levels of miR-29a in arterial walls were analyzed via real-time-polymerase chain reaction. An ASO cell model was established to investigate the expression of miR-29a on HASMCs. The interaction between miR-29a and platelet-derived growth factor receptor B (PDGFRB) was detected by luciferase reporter assay, and the alteration of the expression of PDGFRB was determined in platelet-derived growth factor‑BB (PDGF-BB)-stimulated HASMCs transfected with miR-NC, miR-29a mimics, and miR-29a inhibitors. Further, HASMCs cell proliferation was investigated by cell counting kit-8 and EdU assays, and cell migrations were evaluated by Transwell and wound closure assays. Results: The expression of miR-29a was remarkably downregulated in the arterial walls of ASO patients compared with normal arterial walls. Furthermore, expression of miR-29a in HASMCs under PDGF-BB stimulation was lower than vehicle control. PDGFRB was identified as a target of miR-29a in HASMCs, and miR-29a inhibited the proliferation and migration in PDGF-BB-induced HASMCs, via regulating the expression of PDGFRB. Conclusion: This study showed that miR-29a is downregulated in the arterial wall of ASO patients, as well as in the PDGF-BB-stimulated HASMCs. This alteration of miR-29a could upregulate target genes PDGFRB and inhibits the proliferation and migration of HASMCs. These findings discovered new mechanisms of ASO pathogenesis, and the miR-29a/PDGFRB axis could serve as potential therapy target of ASO.