AJN452427_Hammoud_Slides.pptx (853.61 kB)
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PowerPoint Slides for: Vancomycin Trough and Acute Kidney Injury: A Large Retrospective, Cohort Study

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posted on 01.11.2016, 08:51 by Hammoud K., Brimacombe M., Yu A., Goodloe N., Haidar W., El Atrouni W.
Background: The association between vancomycin trough (VT) and acute kidney injury (AKI) at the recommended doses remains controversial. Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study of 500 adult patients who received vancomycin for ≥72 h. Data collected included 2 main predictors: average VT (including only VTs before the occurrence of AKI), first VT and other possible risk factors for AKI. The baseline characteristics/variables between patients with AKI and patients with no AKI were compared. Logistic regression models were used to develop multivariate models. The authors divided the patients into 4 subgroups: (1) VT <10, (2) 10 ≤ VT < 15, (3) 15 ≤ VT < 20 and (4) VT ≥20 µg/ml. All subgroups were compared to subgroup 2 (reference group). Results: AKI occurred in 12.85% of patients while on vancomycin. The incidence of AKI in subgroups 1-4 was 8.02, 13.61, 13.70 and 31.82%, respectively, using the first VT, that is significantly higher in subgroup 4. Using average VT, AKI incidence was 5, 10.38, 19.01 and 25.58%, respectively, that is significantly higher in subgroups 3 and 4. On multivariate logistic regression, average VT, first VT, average VT >15, first VT >15, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection and morbid obesity were significantly associated with increased incidence of AKI. Conclusion: Clinicians should be careful when aiming for a VT >15 μg/ml as this is associated with increased incidence of AKI.