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Supplementary Material for: A Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Management Plan Is Effective in Reducing the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence

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posted on 24.06.2020 by Genitsaridi S.-M., Giannios C., Karampatsou S., Papageorgiou I., Papadopoulos G., Farakla I., Koui E., Georgiou A., Romas S., Terzioglou E., Papathanasiou C., Kassari P., Manios Y., Charmandari E.
Background: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem of our century. In Greece, 30–35% of children and adolescents are overweight or obese. Objective and Hypotheses: To investigate the effectiveness of a comprehensive multidisciplinary personalized management plan at reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence. Patients and Methods: One thousand (n = 1,000) children and adolescents aged 2–18 years (mean age ± SD: 10.09 ± 2.86 years; 520 females, 480 males) were studied prospectively. Subjects were classified as obese (n = 579, 57.9%), overweight (n = 295, 29.5%) or having a normal body mass index (BMI) (n = 126, 12.6%) according to the International Obesity Task Force cutoff points. All subjects were evaluated by a multidisciplinary team at frequent intervals, received personalized advice on diet and exercise and were studied prospectively for 1 year. Detailed clinical evaluation and laboratory investigations were performed at the beginning and at the end of the study. Results: At initial evaluation, 57.9% of subjects were obese, 29.5% overweight and 12.6% of normal BMI. Indices of cardiometabolic disease were higher in obese than in overweight and normal-BMI subjects. Following 1 year of multidisciplinary management interventions, the prevalence of obesity decreased by 16.8%, the prevalence of normal BMI increased by 8.2%, and all cardiometabolic indices improved significantly. Conclusions: A personalized multidisciplinary management plan is effective at reducing the prevalence of obesity in childhood and adolescence.