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Supplementary Material for: A Small Supernumerary Xp Marker Chromosome Including Genes NR0B1 and MAGEB Causing Partial Gonadal Dysgenesis and Gonadoblastoma

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posted on 10.09.2021, 08:34 by Nishi M.Y., FariaJúnior J.A.D., Krepischi A.C.V., deMoraes D.R., daCosta S.S., Silva E.S.N., Costa E.M.F., Mendonca B.B., Domenice S.
Copy number variations of several genes involved in the process of gonadal determination have been identified as a cause of 46,XY differences of sex development. We report a non-syndromic 14-year-old female patient who was referred with primary amenorrhea, absence of breast development, and atypical genitalia. Her karyotype was 47,XY,+mar/46,XY, and FISH analysis revealed the X chromosome origin of the marker chromosome. Array-CGH data identified a pathogenic 2.0-Mb gain of an Xp21.2 segment containing NR0B1/DAX1 and a 1.9-Mb variant of unknown significance from the Xp11.21p11.1 region. This is the first report of a chromosomal microarray analysis to reveal the genetic content of a small supernumerary marker chromosome detected in a 47,XY,+der(X)/46,XY karyotype in a non-syndromic girl with partial gonadal dysgenesis and gonadoblastoma. Our findings indicate that the mosaic presence of the small supernumerary Xp marker, encompassing the NR0B1/DAX1 gene, may have been the main cause of dysgenetic testes development, although the role of MAGEB and other genes mapped to the Xp21 segment could not be completely ruled out.

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