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Supplementary Material for: Acidic skin care promotes cutaneous microbiome recovery and skin physiology in an acute stratum corneum stress model

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posted on 29.07.2022, 14:12 authored by Fluhr J.W., Menzel P., Schwarzer R., Kaestle B., Arens-Corell M., Praefke L., Tsankov N.K., Nikolaeva D.G., Misery L., Darlenski R.
Introduction: Skin microbiome and skin physiology are important indicators of the epidermal homeostasis status. Stress models can reveal pathological conditions and modulating effects. Here we investigated the cutaneous microbiome in relation to skin physiology after mild tape stripping (TS) without treatment compared to two cosmetic leave-on lotions (pH 5.5 vs. pH 9.3) in 25 healthy volunteers. Methods: The microbiome was analyzed by 16S-rRNA-gene amplicon sequencing and put in relation to the following skin physiology parameter: epidermal barrier function (TEWA-Meter TM300), stratum corneum hydration (Corneometer CM 825), surface pH (pH-Meter) and skin erythema (Mexameter). Results: TS reduced the alpha diversity with a recovery over 7 days without treatment. Both lotions significantly accelerated the recovery of the alpha-diversity already after 2 days with a slightly higher rate for the acidic lotion. After TS, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria was increased, whereas Actinobacteria were reduced. The relative abundances of typical skin-associated genera were reduced after TS. Taxa compositions returned to normal levels after 7 days in all treatment groups. An accelerated normalization could be observed with both lotions already after two days. A significant difference in skin pH was observed on day2 and day7 with an increased pH for the alkaline lotion. Both lotions induced an increase in stratum corneum hydration. Conclusion: The study proved the suitability of an experimental stress model in the assessment of skin surface microbiome in relation to skin physiology. Stratum corneum hydration increased significantly with both lotions already at day2. Microbiome parameters (alpha-diversity, mean relative taxa, abundance of selected genera) normalized over 2-7 days. The following mechanisms could be responsible for the accelerated normalization of the microbiome: a) optimized hydration during the recovery phase, b) the composition of the lotion c) the induced repair mechanism. Thus, the formulation has a positive effect on the stratum corneum hydration and subsequently on cutaneous microbiome and skin physiology. Furthermore, this has eventually implications in the modulation of exogenous stress-induced epidermal alterations.

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