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Supplementary Material for: Adult Ocular Myasthenia Gravis Conversion: A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis in China

posted on 11.06.2020, 08:13 by Feng X., Huan X., Yan C., Song J., Lu J., Zhou L., Wu H., Qiao K., Xi J., Luo S., Zhao C.
Introduction: The conversion rate from ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) to generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) was reported to be much lower in Asian population since most OMG patients are juvenile onset. However, the exact conversion rate for adult-onset OMG to GMG is still unknown. Objective: We aimed to delineate the conversion rate and risk factors for adult patients with ocular onset to GMG. Methods: Adult myasthenia gravis (MG) patients with ocular onset (age > 18 years) were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with confined ocular involvement lasting more than 2 years (pure OMG group) and those who converted into GMG (converted OMG group) were enrolled for subsequent analysis. We then analyzed 5 clinical variables, including onset age, sex, onset symptoms, anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR Ab), and thymus CT. Survival analysis was applied to all enrolled patients to explore risk factors associated with conversion. Results: In a total number of 249 ocular-onset MG patients initially enrolled, we excluded 122 patients with OMG lasting less than 2 years. The remaining 127 patients were enrolled, including 106 converted OMG and 21 pure OMG patients. Converted OMG patients had an older onset age (threshold: 43 years) and higher anti-AChR Ab titer (threshold: 6.13 nmol/L). The estimated conversion rate was 70.64%. Moreover, 67% of conversion occurred within 2 years after onset. Cox regression of survival analysis revealed that higher anti-AChR Ab titer and bilateral ptosis were associated with a higher conversion rate. Conclusions: The conversion of adult OMG was associated with anti-AChR Ab titer, onset age, and bilateral ptosis. The estimated conversion rate of Chinese adult OMG patients was 70%.