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Supplementary Material for: Age- and Sex-Specific Reference Values of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in Chinese Population

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posted on 18.02.2021, 08:56 by Yue L., Fan L., Du X.
Background: Due to an aging population, prevalence and mortality of CKD continue to increase. Current CKD definition has been challenged recently. Age- and sex-specific reference values of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in China are still lacking. Methods: Age- and sex-stratified, randomly selected inhabitants received a health examination and an inquest into medical history. The GFR was estimated using CKD-EPI equation. We calculated means with ±1.96 times of standard deviation and 2.5th, 97.5th percentiles of eGFR per 5-year age-group. Some of their GFRs were measured by the Gates method (99mTc-DTPA renal scintigraphy) and estimated by cystatin C-based equation. Results: The cohort study included 17,037 male and 9,304 female Chinese persons aged 18–99 years. A reference population of apparently healthy subjects was selected by excluding persons with known hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular, or renal diseases. This healthy cohort study included 12,231 male subjects and 6,463 female subjects. The mean eGFR was higher in the female than that in the male who were younger than 40-year (122 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs. 111 mL/min/1.73 m2). In these apparently healthy persons, GFR declined approximately 0.8 mL/min/year. The lower limit of eGFR (2.5th percentile or mean minus 1.96 times of standard deviation) was <60 or 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 at the age of ≥40 or 65 years old, respectively. Conclusion: The mean eGFR was higher in young females. GFR declined approximately 0.8 mL/min/year. The lower bound of eGFR was <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 at the age of ≥40 or ≥65 years, respectively. Our study provides age- and sex-specific reference values of GFR in a Chinese population.

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