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Supplementary Material for: Anatomic Distribution of Cherry Angiomas in the General Population

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posted on 22.07.2021, 11:20 by Betz-Stablein B., Koh U., Edwards H.A., McInerney-Leo A., Janda M., Soyer H.P.
Background: Cherry angiomas are common benign vascular skin lesions of unknown aetiology, found largely on the trunk. However, their exact anatomic distribution besides their truncal predisposition, and how they manifest in the general population, has not been characterised. Methods: Three-dimensional (3D) total body imaging was obtained from 163 adult participants of a general population cohort study in Brisbane, Australia. Demographic, phenotypic, and sun behaviour characteristics were collected using a standard questionnaire along with history of melanoma and keratinocyte cancers. Cherry angiomas were identified using an automated classification algorithm with a sensitivity of 87% and a specificity of 99%, developed specifically for this study population. Results: The 3D total body images of 163 participants were analysed. Participants had a median age of 57 years and 61% were male. On average, males had more angiomas than females (median of 16 vs. 12) and the number and size of cherry angiomas increased with age. In addition to male sex and age, an increase in angiomas was associated with Caucasian ancestry other than British/Irish only, fair skin colour opposed to medium/olive, having green/hazel eyes compared to blue/grey, and personal history of melanoma. The most common site for cherry angiomas was the front trunk, followed by the back. Interestingly, although males had more angiomas overall, females had more angiomas on the legs. Conclusion: Describing the distribution of cherry angiomas by body site is an important step towards further understanding of the aetiology of angiomas. While personal history of melanoma is associated with an increased number of cherry angiomas, whether this association is prognostic, co-occurs with development of melanoma, or is merely fortuitous requires further investigation.

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