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Supplementary Material for: Angiographic Systems for Classifying Distal Arterial Occlusions

posted on 24.11.2022, 14:35 authored by Pillai P., Mitchell P.J., Phan T.G., Ma H., Yan B.
Background: Extensive randomized controlled clinical trials for endovascular thrombectomy in anterior circulation large vessel occlusions (internal carotid arteries and M1 segment of middle cerebral arteries) have been published over the past decade, but there have not been randomized controlled trials for distal arterial occlusions to date. Distal arterial occlusion randomized controlled trials are essential to decide on patient selection, imaging criteria, and endovascular approach to improve the outcome and reduce complications. Summary: The definition of distal arterial occlusion is however unclear, and we believe that a uniform nomenclature of distal arterial occlusions is essential for the design of robust randomized controlled studies. We undertook a systematic literature review and comprehensive analysis of 70 articles looking at distal arterial occlusions and previous attempts at classifying them as well as comparing their similarities and differences with a more selective look at the middle cerebral artery. Thirty-two articles were finally deemed suitable and included for this review. In this review article, we present 3 disparate classifications of distal arterial occlusions, namely, classical/anatomical, functional/imaging, and structural/calibre, and compare the similarities and differences between them. Key Messages: We propose the adoption of functional/imaging classification to guide the identification of distal arterial occlusions with the M2 segment starting at the point of bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery trunk/M1 segment. With regards to the anterior temporal artery, we propose that it will be considered a branch of the M1 and only be considered as the M2 segment if it is a holo-temporal artery. We believe that this is a practical method of classification in the time-critical decision-making period.