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Supplementary Material for: Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis in a Patient with Tuberous Sclerosis-Related Brain Tumor: A Case Report

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posted on 30.09.2021, 09:24 by Ihl T., Arlt F.A., Machule M.-L., Prüss H., Audebert H.J.
Anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis (NMDARE) is an important treatable cause of autoimmune psychosis in all age-groups, which is sometimes associated with tumors, especially ovarian teratomas. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurocutaneous disease predisposing for development of benign tumors. We present a case of a 35-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of schizophrenia-like symptoms. Accidentally, MRI revealed TSC-related brain tumors. NMDAR antibody titers were strongly positive in serum and cerebrospinal fluid. This is the first case describing an overlap of NMDARE and TSC-related brain tumors. A review of brain tumors and NMDARE is given in the supplementary material. Although a causal link seems interesting from a pathophysiological point of view, we are in favor of a coincidence.