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Supplementary material-MS_isop_and_weight_change___revised_submission___Supplement.docx (54.81 kB)

Supplementary Material for: Association between F2-isoprostane metabolites and weight change in older women: a longitudinal analysis

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posted on 2023-11-15, 14:33 authored by Zhao Y., Nogueira M.S., Chen Q., Dai Q., Cai Q., Wen W., Lan Q., Rothman N., Gao Y.-T., Shu X.-O., Zheng W., Milne G.L., Yang G.
Introduction: Theoretically, some metabolic traits may predispose older individuals to weight loss during aging, leading to increased all-cause mortality and many serious health issues. Biomarkers to robustly predict progressive weight loss during aging are, however, lacking. We prospectively assessed if urinary levels of F2-isoprostanes and their peroxisomal -oxidation metabolite, 2,3-dinor-5,6-dihydro-15-F2t-isoprostane (F2-IsoP-M), were associated with subsequent weight loss in middle-aged and older women. Methods: Included in the analysis were 2066 women aged 40-70 years, a subset of a prospective cohort study. F2-isoprostanes (F2-IsoPs) and its β-oxidation metabolite F2-IsoP-M were measured in urine using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Measurements of anthropometry and exposures to major determinants of body weight were performed at baseline and repeated thrice over 15-year follow-up. The longitudinal associations of F2-IsoP-M and the F2-IsoP-M to its parent compound F2-IsoP ratio (MPR) with repeatedly measured weight changes were examined using linear mixed-effect models. Results: After adjusting for time-varying covariates energy intake, physical activity, and comorbidity index, among others, levels of F2-IsoP-M and the MPR were both inversely associated with percentage of weight change. Weight in the highest quartile of these two biomarkers was 1.33% (95% CI = -2.41, -0.24) and 1.09% (95% CI = -2.16, -0.02) lower than those in the lowest quartile group, with P for trend of 0.01 and 0.03, respectively. The inverse association was consistently seen across follow-up periods, although appearing stronger with prolonged follow-up. There was no association between the parent compound F2-IsoPs and weight change. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the first piece of evidence to associate F2-IsoP metabolism, peroxisomal β-oxidation, with weight loss in older women. Further investigations into the role of lipid peroxidation and peroxisomal β-oxidation in weight change among older individuals are warranted.


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