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Supplementary Material for: Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease: Clinical Assessment of Rapid Progression

posted on 23.04.2019, 08:32 by Furlano M., Loscos I., Martí T., Bullich G., Ayasreh N., Rius A., Roca L., Ballarín J., Ars E., Torra R.
Background: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) causes the development of renal cysts and leads to a decline in renal function. Limited guidance exists in clinical practice on the use of tolvaptan. A decision algorithm from the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Working Groups of Inherited Kidney Disorders and European Renal Best Practice (WGIKD/ERBP) has been proposed to identify candidates for tolvaptan treatment; however, this algorithm has not been assessed in clinical practice. Methods: Eighteen-month cross-sectional, unicenter, observational study assessing 305 consecutive ADPKD patients. The ERA-EDTA WGIKD/ERBP algorithm with a stepwise approach was used to assess rapid progression (RP). Subsequently, expanded criteria based on the REPRISE trial were applied to evaluate the ­impact of extended age (≤55 years) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; ≥25 mL/min/1.73 m2). Results: Historical eGFR decline, indicative of RP, was fulfilled in 26% of 73 patients who were candidates for RP assessment, mostly aged 31–55 years. Further tests including ultrasound and MRI measurements of kidney volume plus genetic testing enabled the evaluation of the remaining patients. Overall, 15.7% of patients met the criteria for rapid or likely RP using the algorithm, and the percentage increased to 27% when extending age and eGFR. Conclusions: The ERA-EDTA WGIKD/ERBP algorithm provides a valuable means of identifying in routine clinical practice patients who may be eligible for treatment with tolvaptan. The impact of a new threshold for age and eGFR may increase the percentage of patients to be treated.