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Supplementary Material for: BUB1B Overexpression Is an Independent Prognostic Marker and Associated with CD44, p53, and PD-L1 in Renal Cell Carcinoma

posted on 15.02.2021, 14:56 by Sekino Y., Han X., Kobayashi G., Babasaki T., Miyamoto S., Kobatake K., Kitano H., Ikeda K., Goto K., Inoue S., Hayashi T., Teishima J., Sakamoto N., Sentani K., Oue N., Yasui W., Matsubara A.
Introduction: BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase B encoded by BUB1B gene is a member of the spindle assembly checkpoint family. Several reports have demonstrated that overexpression of BUB1B is associated with cancer progression and prognosis. Objective: This study aims to clarify the expression and function of BUB1B in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: The expression of BUB1B was determined using immunohistochemistry and bioinformatics analysis in RCC. The effects of BUB1B knockdown on cell growth and invasion were evaluated. We analyzed the interaction between BUB1B, cancer stem cell markers, p53, and PD-L1 in RCC. Results: In 121 cases of RCC, immunohistochemistry showed that 30 (25%) of the RCC cases were positive for BUB1B. High BUB1B expression was significantly correlated with high nuclear grade, T stage, and M stage. A Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high expression of BUB1B was associated with poor overall survival after nephrectomy. High BUB1B expression was associated with CD44, p53, and PD-L1 in RCC. Knockdown of BUB1B suppressed cell growth and invasion in RCC cell lines. Knockdown of BUB1B also suppressed the expression of CD44 and increased the expression of phospho-p53 (Ser15). In silico analysis showed that BUB1B was associated with inflamed CD8+, exhausted T-cell signature, IFN-γ signature, and the response to nivolumab. Conclusion: These results suggest that BUB1B plays an oncogenic role and may be a promising predictive biomarker for survival in RCC.