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Supplementary Material for: Bilateral Pallidal Stimulation with Directional Leads for Primary Focal Lingual Dystonia

posted on 18.11.2020, 13:28 by Asahi T., Ikeda K., Yamamoto J., Tsubono H., Muro Y., Sato S.
There have been limited studies regarding stereotactic and functional neurosurgery for lingual dystonia. Here, we report a patient with primary lingual dystonia who showed significant improvement after bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS). A 42-year-old woman presented with a 5- to 6-year history of tongue protrusion; however, she lacked a significant medical or medication history before onset. She presented with gradually worsening symptoms and was diagnosed with idiopathic lingual dystonia. Her tongue was injected with botulinum toxin on 6 occasions; however, it had a limited effect. Oral medications were ineffective. She underwent DBS since her involuntary tongue movements were causing nocturnal breathing problems. Directional leads were bilaterally inserted into the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi). The directional part of each lead was inserted at the GPi bottom on both sides. The posteromedial contacts were used to deliver stimulation. After 1.5 years, the patient’s Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia rating scale score improved from 9 to 1.5 and 2 to 1 for movement and disability, respectively. This case demonstrated the effectiveness of bilateral GPi-DBS. Placing the directional part of the lead in the GPi bottom could improve the stimulation effects.