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Supplementary Material for: Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis Associated with Meningeal Carcinomatosis from Lung Adenocarcinoma

posted on 10.05.2022, 08:58 by Yamada G., Toyoda T., Katada E., Matsukawa N.
Cranial neuropathy is a clinical manifestation of meningeal carcinomatosis (MC); however, the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves are rarely impaired. Therefore, dysphagia and bilateral vocal cord paralysis (BVCP) are extremely rare manifestations of MC. Here, we present a case of MC from a lung adenocarcinoma presenting with dysphagia and BVCP. An 84-year-old man with a 4-year history of left lung adenocarcinoma developed dysphagia and hoarseness. Flexible nasopharyngoscopy revealed BVCP. Ten days later, the patient developed stridor and respiratory distress. A tracheotomy was performed to prevent airway obstruction. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed enhancement of the bilateral glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves, and several enhancing lesions in the right internal auditory canal, left cerebellum, fourth ventricle, pons, cerebral aqueduct, and right frontal lobe, suggesting MC and brain metastasis. Based on the clinical history of malignancy and the MRI findings, the patient was diagnosed with MC. As the patient refused additional treatment, including chemotherapy and radiation, only palliative care was provided. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case of MC from a solid tumor presenting with BVCP. When patients with malignancy present with BVCP, MC should be considered.