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Supplementary Material for: Brodalumab Is Associated with High Rates of Complete Clearance and Quality of Life Improvement: A Subgroup Analysis of Patients with Psoriasis and Concomitant Psoriatic Arthritis

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posted on 25.11.2021, 09:54 by Kokolakis G., Vadstrup K., Hansen J.B., Carrascosa J.M.
Background: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with psoriasis that significantly impairs physical function and quality of life (QoL). Prompt therapeutic intervention is crucial for limiting PsA progression and preventing disability. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of brodalumab versus ustekin­umab and the impact on QoL in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, by concomitant PsA status. Methods: This post hoc analysis of pooled data from the phase 3 AMAGINE-2 and -3 trials evaluated complete skin clearance (100% improvement of Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI 100]), improvement in symptom severity (Psoriasis Symptom Inventory [PSI] response), and QoL (Dermatology Life Quality Index [DLQI] score of 0/1) by concomitant PsA status. A competing risk model assessed cumulative incidence over 52 weeks with outcomes of PASI 100 or inadequate response. Results: This analysis included 929 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Concomitant PsA was present in 79/339 (23%) and 110/590 (19%) patients receiving brodalumab 210 mg and ustekinumab, respectively. At Week 52, odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) for complete clearance with brodalumab versus ustekin­umab were 3.15 (1.52–6.55, p = 0.0015) in patients with concomitant PsA and 3.05 (2.19–4.26, p < 0.0001) in patients without concomitant PsA. Corresponding Week 52 ORs (95% CIs) for DLQI 0/1 with brodalumab versus ustekinumab were 2.05 (1.07–3.90, p = 0.0277) and 1.83 (1.32–2.53, p = 0.0002); Week 52 ORs (95% CIs) for PSI ≤8 with brodalumab versus ustekinumab were 3.42 (1.43–8.18, p = 0.0036) and 1.40 (1.01–1.95, p = 0.0434). The 52-week cumulative incidence of patients achieving PASI 100 was significantly higher for brodalumab versus ustekinumab in patients with concomitant PsA (p = 0.0001) and in those without concomitant PsA (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Treatment with brodalumab rapidly results in high levels of complete and sustained skin clearance and greater cumulative treatment benefit in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis versus ustekinumab, regardless of concomitant PsA status.