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Supplementary Material for: Chronic Reduction of Nitric Oxide Level in Adult Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats Induces Aortic Stiffness Similar to Old Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

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posted on 09.05.2012, 00:00 by Isabelle M., Simonet S., Ragonnet C., Sansilvestri-Morel P., Clavreul N., Vayssettes-Courchay C., Verbeuren T.J.
Introduction: Age and hypertension are two major determinants of arterial stiffness, as well as endothelial dysfunction. The present study was designed to test whether a chronic reduction of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) produces arterial stiffening close to that observed in old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and also to study the effect of an acute or a chronic decrease in blood pressure (BP) on aortic distensibility. Methods: BP, aortic stiffness, endothelial dysfunction and remodelling were measured in male adult (20-week-old) SHR, in adult SHR treated with a nonspecific NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME (SHR/L-NAME) for 2 weeks, in adult SHR/L-NAME cotreated with perindopril (1 mg/kg/day) and in old SHR (55-week-old). Age-matched WKY were used as a normotensive group. Results: Aortic endothelial dysfunction, remodelling and stiffening appeared in old SHR. Reduction of NO production in adult SHR caused similar alterations. Acute decreases in BP in SHR/L-NAME did not improve isobaric aortic distensibility but a chronic reduction of BP prevented endothelial dysfunction, aortic remodelling and aortic wall stiffening. Conclusion: NO reduction in adult SHR induces aortic alterations similar to those observed during aging, which supports the major role of NO in the development of arterial stiffening. These aortic alterations can be prevented by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor treatment.