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Supplementary Material for: Clinical Relevance of Shrimp Sensitization in Patients with Allergic Rhinitis: Anti-Der p 10 IgE as Predictor

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posted on 04.06.2021, 08:22 by Diez S., Puerta L., Martínez D., Muñoz M., Hernández K., Sánchez J.
Introduction: Cross-reactivity between shrimp and house dust mite (HDM) proteins has been widely documented. In tropical region, shrimp (5–15%) and mite sensitization (80–95%) is prevalent in allergic patients. However, the clinical relevance of shrimp sensitization in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the clinical relevance shrimp IgE sensitization in AR patients sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Methods: The study was conducted in Medellin (Colombia). A cross-sectional study in patients with AR sensitized to HDM was performed in 3 steps: (i) assessment of IgE sensitization frequency to shrimp Penaeus azteca, Litopenaeus vannamei, and tropomyosin homologous allergens rDer p 10, rPen a 1, and rLit v 1, (ii) evaluation of the clinical relevance of shrimp sensitization using oral challenge test (OCT) and (iii) identification of possible risk factors for positive-OCT results. Ethical committee approval was obtained. Results: From 443 patients with AR, 86 (19.4%) were sensitized to shrimp and 23 of them (26.7%) had shrimp allergy diagnosis. Thirty-six of the patients sensitized to shrimp (41.2%) reported not previously consumed this food and eleven of them had a positive-OCT (30.5%). There was not statistically significant difference in total IgE or sIgE (D. pteronyssinus, P. azteca, L. vannamei, rPen a 1, and rLit v 1) between OCT groups (positive vs. negative results). Anti-Der p 10 IgE was associated with risk for a positive-OCT in different multivariable scenarios. Discussion/Conclusion: Our results suggest that in patients with HDM-associated AR and shrimp IgE sensitization is necessary to evaluate the clinical relevance of shrimp IgE even if the patient has never consumed shrimp because of cross-reactivity. Anti-Der p 10 could be a possible biomarker of clinical relevance to shrimp sensitization and could reduce the need for OCTs.