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Supplementary Material for: Clinical implication of CDH1 mutations in genetic testing for diffuse gastric cancer patients

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posted on 2023-09-19, 04:10 authored by Corso G., Trovato C.R., Petitto S., Girardi A., DeScalzi A.M., Bianchi B., Magnoni F., Cioffi A., Galimberti V., Veronesi P., Mazzarol G., Maisonneuve P.
Introduction: The objective of this study was to re-classify published germline CDH1 variants identified in gastric cancer (GC) in accordance with the latest ClinVar definition and to correlate their pathogenicity with the established international clinical criteria for genetic testing. Methods: The relevant literature dating from 1998 to 2019 was systematically searched for data on CDH1 germline mutations in accord with PRISMA guidelines. The collected variants were classified according to the latest ClinVar definition into the following classes: benign (B), likely benign (LB), pathogenic (P), likely pathogenic (LP), and variant of unknown significance (VUS). The Mc-Nemar test was used to compare the adequacy of current versus previous International GC Linkage Consortium (IGCLC) criteria. Results: We re-classified a total of 247 CDH1 variants, and we identified that about 70% of B/LB variant carriers were not fulfilling the defined clinical criteria. Instead, all P/LP variants (100%) were associated with the hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) phenotype fulfilling the 2020 ILGCC criteria, with a significant improvement (p=0.025) compared to previous version. Conclusions: We conclude that germline CDH1 genetic testing is indicated only in families meeting the clinical criteria for the HDGC syndrome. This observation suggests that clinical phenotypes that do not clearly fulfill these criteria should not be considered for CDH1 genetic testing.

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