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Supplementary material-4.__Supplement_material__FINDNEEDS_screening_questionnaire__Gerontology_.docx (16.92 kB)

Supplementary Material for: Clinimetric properties of the “FIND-NEEDS” to screen geriatric conditions

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posted on 2024-05-13, 11:02 authored by Chang C.-M., Lin C.-Y., -Hu F.-W., Wang Y.-W., Huang C., Lo Y.-T., Wu C.-Y., Chung Y.-F., Kang C.-C., Chen Y.-J., Yang Y.-C., Liu L.-F., Griffiths M.D., Lin D.-C., Shen M.-R.
Introduction: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is used to thoroughly assess and identify complex healthcare problems among older adults. However, administration of CGA is time-consuming and labor intensive. A simple screening tool with the mnemonic “FIND-NEEDS” was developed to quickly identify common geriatric conditions. The present study was to evaluate the clinimetric properties of the FIND-NEEDS. Methods: First-visiting older adults aged 65 years and above (and who were able to communicate by themselves or with the help of a caregiver) were assessed (October to December, 2021) using the FIND-NEEDS and CGA at geriatric outpatient clinics of a tertiary, referred medical center. The FIND-NEEDS was examined for its criterion-related validity and compared with the CGA results. Two types of scoring (summed score and binary score) of FIND-NEEDS and CGA were analyzed using Spearman correlation, sensitivity and specificity, and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: The mean age of the 114 outpatients was 78.3±7.6 years, and 79(69.3%) were female. The internal consistency was excellent when using all FIND-NEEDS items, and was acceptable when using domain scores. Exploratory factor analysis showed that most of the FIND-NEEDS domain scores had factor loadings higher than 0.3. Intercorrelations of binary scores between domains of FIND-NEEDS and CGA showed most domains were moderately correlated. The overall correlation of summed scores between FIND-NEEDS and CGA was high. The FIND-NEEDS summed score was moderately correlated with CGA score (r=0.494; p<0.001), and the binary score showed excellent correlation (r=0.944; p<0.001). When using the CGA score as the gold standard, the FIND-NEEDS showed excellent AUC (0.950), sensitivity (1.00), and specificity (0.90). Discussion/Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the FIND-NEEDS had acceptable clinimetric properties to screen for geriatric problems among older adults. Further in-depth assessment and care plan can then be conducted afterwards.


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