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Supplementary Material for: Coexistent GLIM-defined malnutrition and sarcopenia increase the long-term mortality risk in hospitalized patients with decompensated cirrhosis

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posted on 2023-09-16, 07:54 authored by Wang H., Wang S., Li C., Yang W., Guo G., Hui Y., Wang X., Cui B., Fan X., Jiao H., Sun C.
Introduction: The synergistic impact of coexistent malnutrition and sarcopenia on morality in hospitalized patients with decompensated cirrhosis remains elusive. This prospective cohort study aimed to delineate the prevalence concerning coexistence of malnutrition and sarcopenia and the prognosticating role on long-term mortality among cirrhosis. Methods: Adult cirrhotic patients with decompensated episodes between 2019 and 2021 were consecutively enrolled. Malnutrition and sarcopenia were diagnosed according to the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria and the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) algorithm, respectively. The entire cohort was divided into three groups: non-malnutrition and non-sarcopenia (NN), malnutrition or sarcopenia and coexistent malnutrition and sarcopenia (MS). Log-rank test and multivariate Cox regression model were utilized to evaluate survival status and independent risk factors for mortality, respectively. Results: Our findings indicated that malnutrition manifested 44.6% of inpatients with decompensated cirrhosis, while sarcopenia presented in 16.4% of the entire cohort, indicative of a prevalence of 14.7% regarding coexistent malnutrition and sarcopenia. The Kaplan-Meier graphic demonstrated a significant difference regarding survival curves among the three groups, referring to the MS group presented with the lowest survival rate (log-rank test: P <0.001). Moreover, coexistent malnutrition and sarcopenia were associated with nearly 4 times higher mortality risk (model 1: HR=3.31, 95% CI: 1.20-9.13, P=0.020; model 2: HR=4.34, 95% CI: 1.52-12.4, P=0.006) in comparison with patients without any condition (NN group). Conclusions: Malnutrition and sarcopenia had superimposed negative impacts on inpatients with decompensated cirrhosis. It is imperative to identify these vulnerable subset to provide prompt therapeutic intervention for better prognosis.


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    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism