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Supplementary Material for: Comparative Efficacy of Atezolizumab plus Bevacizumab and Other Treatment Options for Patients with Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Network Meta-Analysis

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posted on 06.05.2021, 05:49 by Vogel A., Rimassa L., Sun H.-C., Abou-Alfa G.K., El-Khoueiry A., Pinato D.J., SanchezAlvarez J., Daigl M., Orfanos P., Leibfried M., BlanchetZumofen M.-H., Gaillard V.E., Merle P.
Background: Most phase 3 clinical trials of systemic therapy for first-line unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have failed, with the exception of SHARP, REFLECT, and IMbrave150. We conducted indirect comparisons of therapies evaluated for first-line HCC treatment. Summary: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of treatments for adults with locally advanced or metastatic unresectable HCC and no prior systemic treatment, including atezolizu­mab plus bevacizumab, sorafenib, lenvatinib, nivolumab, selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT), transarterial chemoembolization, and placebo or best supportive care. Randomized controlled trials published from January 1, 2007, to March 12, 2020, were retrieved from MEDLINE and Embase. Qualitative assessment of heterogeneity evaluated study designs, populations, and outcomes. Indirect comparisons used generalized linear models with random effects within a Bayesian framework and informative priors. We calculated relative efficacy estimates with 95% credible intervals (CrIs) and Bayesian posterior probability estimates of atezolizumab-bevacizumab being superior to other treatments. Nine clinical studies with a total of 3,897 participants were identified from 8,783 records and used to build the all-trials evidence network. Indirect comparisons suggested an improved overall survival (OS) with atezolizumab-bevacizumab versus lenvatinib (odds ratio, 0.63 [95% CrI 0.39–1.04]; with 97% Bayesian posterior probability of being superior), nivolumab (0.68 [95% CrI 0.41–1.14]; 94%), sorafenib (0.59 [95% CrI 0.39–0.87]; 99%), SIRT (0.51 [95% CrI 0.32–0.82]; 100%), or placebo/best supportive care (0.40 [95% CrI 0.25–0.64]; 100%). Key Messages: Within the context of indirect comparisons, analyses of OS favored atezolizumab-bevacizumab versus other treatment options for patients with locally advanced or metastatic unresectable HCC.