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Supplementary Material for: Comparison of NICE Guideline CG149 and the Sepsis Risk Calculator for the Management of Early-Onset Sepsis on the Postnatal Ward

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posted on 09.09.2021, 11:10 by Kimpton J.A., Verma A., Thakkar D., Teoh S., Piyasena C., Battersby C., for the Neonatal Trainee-Led Research and Improvement Projects (NeoTRIPs)
Introduction: The NICE guideline CG149 has increased the number of well infants receiving antibiotics for suspected early-onset sepsis (EOS). The Kaiser Permanente sepsis risk calculator (SRC) has safely and dramatically reduced investigations and antibiotics for suspected EOS in the USA. This study evaluates the current management of suspected EOS against the NICE guideline CG149 and the SRC. Methods: This study is a prospective, multicentre, observational study across 13 neonatal units in London. Infants were born between June and August 2019 at ≥34 weeks gestation and commenced on antibiotics for suspected EOS and cared for on postnatal/transitional care wards. Data were prospectively recorded: risk factors, clinical indicators, investigations, and results. Outcome measures included the following: (1) incidence of EOS and (2) proportion of infants recommended for antibiotics by NICE versus theoretical application of SRC. Results: 1,066/8,856 (12%) infants on postnatal/transitional care wards received antibiotics, 7 of whom had a positive blood culture (group B Streptococcus = 6 and Escherichia coli = 1), making the EOS incidence 0.8/1,000 infants. Six hundred one infants had data for SRC analysis, which recommended “antibiotics” or “blood culture” for 130/601 (21.6%) infants using an EOS incidence of 0.5/1,000 versus 527/601 (87.7%) if NICE was applied. Conclusions: Currently, 12.0% of infants on postnatal/transitional care wards receive antibiotics for suspected EOS. The SRC could dramatically reduce antibiotic use, but further prospective studies are required to evaluate safety of SRC implementation.

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