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Supplementary Material for: Dilated Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Predicts Poor Outcome in Acute Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

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posted on 16.09.2021, 08:19 by Xu H., Li Y., Liu J., Chen Z., Chen Q., Xiang Y., Zhang M., He W., Zhuang Y., Yang Y., Chen W., Chen Y.
Background and Purpose: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) enlargement occurs in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the relationship between ONSD and prognosis of ICH is uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of ONSD on poor outcome of patients with acute spontaneous ICH. Methods: We studied 529 consecutive patients with acute spontaneous ICH who underwent initial CT within 6 h of symptom onset between October 2016 and February 2019. The ONSDs were measured 3 mm behind the eyeball on initial CT images. Poor outcome was defined as having a Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score of 1–3, and favorable outcome was defined as having a GOS score of 4–5 at discharge. Results: The ONSD of the poor outcome group was significantly greater than that of the favorable outcome group (5.87 ± 0.86 vs. 5.21 ± 0.69 mm, p < 0.001). ONSD was related to hematoma volume (r = 0.475, p < 0.001). Adjusting other meaningful predictors, ONSD (OR: 2.83; 95% CI: 1.94–4.15) was associated with poor functional outcome by multivariable logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the ONSD improved the accuracy of ultraearly hematoma growth in the prediction of poor outcome (AUC: 0.790 vs. 0.755, p = 0.016). The multivariable logistic regression model with all the meaningful predictors showed a better predictive performance than the model without ONSD (AUC: 0.862 vs. 0.831, p = 0.001). Conclusions: The dilated ONSD measured on initial CT indicated elevated intracranial pressure and poor outcome, so appropriate intervention should be taken in time.