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Supplementary Material for: Does Early Cerebral Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Monitoring Predict Outcome in Neonates with Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy? A Systematic Review of Diagnostic Test Accuracy

posted on 22.11.2021, 11:30 by Garvey A.A., Pavel A.M., Murray D.M., Boylan G.B., Dempsey E.M.
Introduction: Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) remains one of the top 10 contributors to the global burden of disease. Early objective biomarkers are required. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) may provide a valuable insight into cerebral perfusion and metabolism. We aimed to determine whether early NIRS monitoring (<6 h of age) can predict outcome as defined by grade of encephalopathy, brain MRI findings, and/or neurodevelopmental outcome at 1–2 years in infants with HIE. Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and The Cochrane Library databases (July 2019). Studies of infants born ≥36+0 weeks gestation with HIE who had NIRS recording commenced before 6 h of life were included. We planned to provide a narrative of all the studies included, and if similar clinically and methodologically, the results would be pooled in a meta-analysis to determine test accuracy. Results: Seven studies were included with a combined total of 161 infants. Only 1 study included infants with mild HIE. A range of different oximeters and probes were utilized with varying outcome measures making comparison difficult. Although some studies showed a trend towards higher cSO2 values before 6 h in infants with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, in the majority, this was not significant until beyond 24 h of life. Conclusion: Very little data currently exists to assess the use of early NIRS to predict outcome in infants with HIE. Further studies using a standardized approach are required before NIRS can be evaluated as a potential objective assessment tool for early identification of at-risk infants.