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Supplementary Material for: Effects of a Psychoeducational Program on Caregivers of Patients with Dementia

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posted on 11.09.2020, 06:56 by Damien C., Elands S., VanDenBerge D., Bier J.-C.
Background: The number of demented patients has increased significantly in recent years. The many challenges that dementia causes increase the stress of their caregivers and lead to shortening the time to institutionalization compared to the general population. A psychoeducational program for these accompanying persons was set up in Brussels. This type of program resulted in a 557-day delay in institutionalization in New York City. The objective of our study was to check whether our program also has such an impact, but also to see its potential effect on the psychobehavioral disorders of patients and the burden of caregivers. Methods: We recruited two groups without randomization: psychoeducated caregivers and caregivers interested in the program and contacted regularly (every 6 months) without having participated. They were all contacted by telephone and responded to the NCPI and Zarit Burden Scale (ZBS) questionnaires. Results: We could not demonstrate any significant impact, either on the institutionalization delay (p = 0.960), on the frequency of psychobehavioral disorders in demented patients (p > 0.05), or on the burden of caregivers (p = 0.403). However, the survival rate among the demented patients with psychoeducated caregivers was significantly higher than that among the demented patients with nonpsychoeducated caregivers (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our small-sample, nonrandomized study did not reveal any differences in institutionalization delay, caregiver burden, or perception of psychobehavioral disorders related to our psychoeducational program. A new study should be carried out on the impact of psychoeducation on the survival of demented patients, in view of our preliminary analyses.