Supplementary material-CARE_checklist.pdf (735.12 kB)
Download file

Supplementary Material for: Efficacy of Intravenous Immunoglobulins Against Chronic Lymphocytic Inflammation with Pontine Perivascular Enhancement Responsive to Steroids (CLIPPERS): A Case Report

Download (735.12 kB)
posted on 2023-03-15, 14:58 authored by Tsuchida T., Ura S., Yabe I.
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that predominantly affects the brainstem. Apart from corticosteroids, there are few reported treatment options for CLIPPERS, and there is no standard therapy. A 77-year-old man presented with diplopia that had persisted for 5 months. Dysarthria and numbness of the distal right upper extremity and right lips were also observed. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a hyperintense area around the brainstem. Symptoms were relieved immediately following intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) administration. However, after gradual tapering of oral prednisolone to 5 mg/day, the symptoms relapsed, and brain imaging revealed that the condition had worsened. Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) were administered for recurrence, with no clinical improvement. After each IVMP treatment, the patient recovered promptly. Based on the patient’s symptoms and characteristic MRI findings, exclusion of other diseases, and the significant efficacy of corticosteroids, he was diagnosed with CLIPPERS. There was no recurrence at a maintenance prednisolone dose of 8 mg/day. IVIg had a poor effect on the acute phase of CLIPPERS symptoms. Compared with other immunosuppressants, IVIg is less effective in suppressing the relapse of CLIPPERS.