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Supplementary Material for: Elevated Urine Hyaluronan Concentrations Are Associated with an Unfavorable Respiratory Outcome in Preterm Neonates at 40 Weeks Postmenstrual Age

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posted on 2024-02-07, 11:29 authored by MacFarlane P.M., Chen Z., Minich N., Mayer C.A., Martin R.J., DiFiore J.M., Raffay T.M., Hibbs A.M.
Introduction: Hyaluronan (HA) is a major component of the extracellular matrix. Increased pulmonary HA concentrations are associated with several respiratory disorders and is a pathophysiological feature of lung disease. We investigated whether elevated urine HA is a biomarker of an unfavorable 40-week respiratory outcome in preterm infants. Methods: Infants comprised a cohort of preterm neonates <31 weeks gestational age (GA) from the Prematurity-Related Ventilatory Control (Pre-Vent) multicenter study. HA was quantified in urine obtained at 1 week and 1 month of age. Respiratory status at 40 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA) was classified as unfavorable [either (1) deceased at or before 40 weeks PMA, (2) an inpatient on respiratory medication, O2 or other respiratory support at 40 weeks, or (3) discharged prior to 40 weeks on medications/O2/other respiratory support], or favorable (alive and previously discharged, or inpatient and off respiratory medications, off O2, and off other respiratory support at 40 weeks PMA). The association between urine HA and the unfavorable 40 week PMA outcome was examined using a multivariate logistic generalized estimation equation model. Results: Infants with higher HA at 1 week (but not 1 month) showed increased odds of unfavorable respiratory outcome at 40 weeks PMA (OR (95% CI)=1.87 per 0.01 mg (1.27, 2.73)). Discussion and Conclusion: Neonatal urine screening for HA could identify infants at risk for death or need for respiratory support at term-corrected age (40 weeks PMA). The relationship between elevated HA at 1 week and an unfavorable 40 week outcome was stronger in infants with lower GA.

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