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Supplementary Material for: Evaluation Of Biomarker-Based GFR Estimating Equations in Glomerular Disease

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posted on 2024-05-15, 05:57 authored by Mondal A., Kobe C., Mariani L.H., Zee J.
Introduction: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is typically estimated with equations that use biomarkers such as serum creatinine and/or cystatin-C. The impact of these different biomarkers on GFR estimates in glomerular disease patients is unclear. In this study, we compared the different GFR estimating equations in the Cure Glomerulonephropathy (CureGN) cohort of children and adults with glomerular disease. Methods: All available cystatin-C measurements from CureGN study participants were matched to same-day serum creatinine measurements to estimate GFR. To explore the strength of agreement between eGFR values obtained from the "Under 25” (U25) and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-Epi) equations, we used intraclass correlation coefficients. Multivariable linear mixed effects models were used to determine which factors were independently associated with differences in eGFR values. Results: A total of 928 cystatin-C measurements were matched to same-day serum creatinine measurements from N=332 CureGN study participants (58% male, 69% White/Caucasian, 20% Black/African American). Among 628 measurements collected while study participants were under 25 years old, there was moderate agreement (0.731) in serum creatinine vs. cystatin-C U25 equations. Models showed that higher eGFR values were associated with larger differences between the two equations (p <0.001). Among 253 measurements collected while study participants were at least 18 years old, there was excellent agreement (0.891-0.978) among CKD-Epi equations using serum creatinine alone, cystatin-C alone, or the combination of both. Younger age was associated with larger differences between CKD-Epi equations (p=0.06 to p=0.016). Conclusion: Excellent agreement between CKD-Epi equations indicates continued use of serum creatinine only for GFR estimation could be appropriate for adults. In contrast, only moderate agreement between U25 equations indicates a need for more frequent measurement of cystatin-C among children and young adults, especially as eGFR increases.

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